Acoustics – Hospitals

Hospitals should provide comfort to both patients and medical staff and proper engineering of the environmental quality within a building is a key element in ensuring that the space is useable and fit for purpose.

In the case of hospitals, good acoustic conditions have been shown to improve patient privacy and dignity, and promote essential sleep patterns, as well as contributing to improved patient and staff comfort and morale.

The acoustic environment is controlled by the performance of elements such as room or ward shape and size, construction materials and surface finishes. The sound transmission class specification of doors, walls and ceilings, requires careful selection in order to block out unwanted noise without sacrificing other important design aspects. Consideration also needs to be given to the impact of services such as plumbing, electrical and mechanical systems as well as external noise intrusion, particularly from road traffic noise.

Areas in which a hospital development can benefit from improved acoustics include:

  • Control of internal noise levels for occupant comfort
  • Sound insulation for acoustic privacy between spaces
  • Façade design to minimise environmental noise intrusion
  • Avoidance of cross-talk via duct work between adjacent rooms
  • Detailed design of ventilation systems to minimise mechanical services noise
  • Specifications for audio visual systems if required
  • Reverberation control to improve speech intelligibility and reduce the build up of noise.

Vipac’s engineers apply their expertise to all stages of a project, from feasibility, option and concept studies through to the design, construction and operational phases.


  • Monash Medical Health Centre
  • Royal Hobart Hospital
  • Royal Perth Hospital
  • Adelaide Women’s and Children’s Hospital
  • St Vincent’s Hospital, NSW
  • Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne
  • St Andrew’s Hospital, Melbourne
  • Monash Medical Centre, Stage 1, Melbourne
  • Royal Adelaide Hospital redevelopment, SA
  • Royal Melbourne Hospital.